Many different brain processes influence how you learn. Based on a broad synthesis of research on the mind and learning, the eight categories of mental processes below provide a framework for better understanding learning and learning variation. This framework has been used by thousands of educators, clinicians, and others to better meet the learning needs of individual students.

Each of us has an individual combination of relative strengths and weaknesses among these processes. These influence what we are good at doing, where we are more likely to struggle, and how we learn best. In short, they help to describe what you “look like” as a learner. Learn more about the value of having this insight about yourself.

Maintaining mental energy, processing incoming information, regulating work and behavior

Complex Thinking
Comprehending concepts, generating original ideas, using logic

Understanding spoken and written information, communicating ideas orally and in writing

Mentally holding, storing, and retrieving information

Controlling Movement
Coordinating muscles both large (as in legs) and small (as in fingers and hands)

Getting Along With Others
Cooperating with others effectively, managing social interactions, nurturing positive relationships

Spatial Thinking
Understanding and generating visual information, organizing materials and spaces

Keeping Track of Time and Order
Understanding and generating sequenced information, organizing time and schedules


Learn More:

The All Kinds of Minds website offers a variety of resources for educators based on the eight learning processes above: